KNOW NEPAL

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Know Nepal

Nepal is a small landlocked country with an area of 147,181 square kilometers (56,827 sq. miles) which is bordered by India on three sides and China’s Tibet Autonomous region to the north. [Nepal], officially the Federal Democratic Republic and sovereign state located in South Asia with a population of approximately 27 million. Nepal is the world’s 93rd largest country by land mass. Nepalese is the nationality of people living in Nepal. Kathmandu is the Capital city of Nepal as well as largest metropolitan cities.
Nepal has a rich bio-diversity and geography. Nepal is renounce as the country of Himalayas. The northern part of Nepal has eight of the world’s ten tallest mountains in the world, including Mount. Everest is the highest point on Earth. Nepal is a combine formation of Terai Region (flat and plain land), Hilly Region (Terrace and sloppy land) and Mountain Region (Rocky and Barren land). The differentiation in between land topography, climatic zone, season, living life style of the people, etc. you will find out various types of flora and fauna (Plants and animals), ethnic group, cultures and tradition, norms and values and religions. Nepalese nationality lives in a state of religious tolerance and harmony. 81.3% are the followers of Hinduism, making it highest percentage, 9.0% are the followers of Buddhism which are historically related with Hinduism and Nepal, Islam 4.4%, Kirat 3.0%, Christianity 1.4%, and others 0.9%.
In the past historical background of Nepal, there was a monarchy system. Prithvi Narayan Shah unified its many small kingdoms into a single kingdom. Shah dynasty was the last dynasty of monarchy system. However, a decade-long Civil War, there was an abolishment of the monarchy and the establishment of a federal multiparty democratic republic was on 28 May 2008. Nepal is a secular country with majority of Hindus and Buddhist population.

 
AREA
147,181 square km / (56,827 sq. miles)
LOCATION
Situated between China in the north and India in the south, east and west
CAPITAL
Kathmandu
POPULATION
28 MILLION (approx.)
PEOPLE
Nepal has more than 101 ethnic groups and 92 spoken languages.
LANGUAGE
Nepali is the national language but English can mostly understand by an educated person.
RELIGION
Nepal is a secular country with majority of Hindu and Buddhist population.
CURRENCY
Nepali Rupee
POLITICAL SYSTEM
Federal Democratic Republic
CLIMATE
  • Spring season (March – May)
  • Summer Season (June – August)
  • Monsoon Season (June till mid-September)
  • Autumn Season (September – November)
  • Winter Season (December – February)

Access on Arrival and Visa in Nepal

Nepal is renown as one of the best travel and adventure destination. Kathmandu is the capital city as well as international airport of Nepal where few direct international airlines are connection into Kathmandu. Nepal is mostly accessible by transit point flight than direct. East, west and south parts of Nepal’s borders is accessible from India and a Northern part of Nepal’s borders is accessible from China. There is a wide connection of overland and air travel in between Nepal, India and Tibet.

  • By Air: There are different direct and indirect international Airlines which operate their schedules to and from Nepal. Nepal (Kathmandu Airport) is mostly accessible by transit point flight than direct ones.

  • By Land: All the visitors should come to Nepal by land only through Kakarvitta, Birjunj, Belhhiva Bhairawa, Nepalgunj, Dhangadi, Mahendranagar, Kodari in the Nepal-China border, Simikot in the far-western Nepal, road between Kyirong and langtang and road from Tibet to Mustang.

Note: The overland tourists entering the country with their vehicles must possess an international carnet or complete customs formalities.

  • Visas are available on arrival at the Tribhuvan International airport in Kathmandu and by land border are open to foreigners. Keeping passport along with size photos on hand, you will pay your visa charge in US Dollar. Your passport must be valid for at least six months. All the foreign nationals, except Indian, must have a visa for Nepal. On arrival by land borders, you will get your visas from Nepalganj, Birganj/Raxaul Bazaar, Sunauli, Kakarbhitta, Mahendranagar, Dhangadhi and even the funky Kodari checkpoint on the road to Tibet. Nepali visa is validity for three to six months from the date of issue. Children under age of 10 require a visa but are not charged a visa fee.

Tourist Visa facility and duration of the Visa fee

  1. Multiple entry 15 days US$ 25 or equivalent convertible currency
  2. Multiple entry 30 days US$ 40 or equivalent convertible currency
  3. Multiple entry 90 days US$ 100 or equivalent convertible currency
  • Gratis (free) Visa is available for 30 days only for tourists of SAARC countries and you can extend your visa from immigration offices in Kathmandu and Pokhara only.

  • Foreign exchange services are available in touristic area of Nepal which is working under the rules and regulation of Nepal Rastriya Bank and you can check out at http://nrb.org.np/fxmexchangerate.php for the exchange rate in Nepal. Visitors can exchange money at foreign exchange counter at airport upon arrival. Foreign currencies must be exchanged only through the banks or authorized foreign exchange dealers. The receipts from such transaction are to be obtained and retained.

  • Tipping has become one of the accepted norms in Nepal but it is not an expectation; it’s a gratitude to people.

  • Custom formalities should be following by every visitor on arrival to airport. There are check-in rules and regulations for security.

  • Nepal has every category of accommodation facility in touristic area, ranging from international standard star hotels and resorts to budget hotels. To ensure safety and quality service, it is advisable to use the services of Government registered hotels, lodges, travel agencies; licensed tour guides and hire only authorized trekking guides or porters.

  • The varieties of infrastructure for tourism services are available in Nepal.

  • Nepali is a national language but linguistic roots are in Sanskrit, commonly written Devanagiri script.

Things to do in Nepal

Nepal is a landlocked country bordered by India on three sides and China’s Tibet Autonomous region to the north. It is a small country with the tremendous geographic diversity because of the various land topography. Terai, Hill and Mountain are the three regions of Nepal stretches from east to west. Terai parts of Nepal from eastern to western parts on the southern sides include flat farming land which is eligible for agriculture production. This region is bordered by India on the southern sides. The Hilly region is situated in the central part of the country. It spreads from Mechi in the east to Mahakali in the west. It has high hills and rocks. There are certain valleys surrounded by hills from all sides. The Himalayan region lies in the northern part of the kingdom. This region stretches from east to west. In the northern most part of this region, there are some of the highest peaks of the world. This part is always covered with snow. The inclusive of three land topography and tremendous geographic diversity consumes a small land area of 1, 47,181 sq. km. called as country (Nepal). Nepal is a natural made country having tremendous geographic diversity, land topography, life style, cultures and traditions, various climatic zones. Nepal is one of the renouncing tourism destinations of the world. The various types of tourism adventures activities are available in Nepal.

• Tour
• Village Tour
• Cultural Tour
• Trekking
• Peak climbing
• Mountaineering
• Mountain Biking
• Rafting and Kayaking
• Canyoning
• Bunjee Jumping
• Paragliding
• Zip flying
• Mountain viewing
• Jungle activities
• Bird watching
• Butterfly watching
• Yoga and Meditation
• Food and Culinary Arts
• Ayurveda health treatment

Information about Trekking in Nepal

Trekking means to walk on steep terrain hill side village trails, National park trails and climber’s trails where you will find snow at higher altitudes on high passes in the range of 5500m. It depends on the geographical location and choice of trekkers. Easy and both difficult treks are available in Nepal.

    • You need to obtain travel insurance before you arrive to Kathmandu. Your insurance should cover rescue insurance and it should allow the expense of helicopter supported. We ensure travel safety for all our guests whether a men or women travelling with our company.

    • Trekker should require a Conservation/National Park entry permit and Information Management System (TIMS) card.

    • Special permit for special trekking areas of Nepal (Government restricted areas).

    • In the context of Nepal, children below 18 years can do the trek under the guardianship of their parents.

    • Trekkers should walk 4 to 6 hours per day on a trek route.

    • Available of locally purified drinking water in many villages along the trek route of Nepal or you can use boiled water from tea house and lodges.

    • Tea houses and Lodges are available in the trek route and also get to choose the meals items on the given menu.

    • On a camping trek, you should stay on tent accommodation with full board meals cooked by professional trekking cook in a mobile camp equipped with kitchen and with adequate support staff of kitchen helpers, guides and porters. Camping porter should carry up 40 kg load limit whereas other should carry 15kg to 25kg.

    • Communication depends on the area with most of the trekking routes having local VHF phones; increasingly more places get mobile coverage of varied capacity; in remote communication is not available or very limited so the only option would be a satellite phone.

    • You should wear comfortable trekking shoes with thick vibration soles to have comfortable walk on the rocky trails.

    • On a high altitude trekking trails, you are affected by low oxygen density and you can suffer from general breathing difficulties to Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS) as well as your skin is burn by sun if not, protected by cloths or sun block cream. You should acclimatize on an appropriate place to prevent from Acute Mountain Sickness (AMS).

    • Trekkers should be physically fit and healthy during the trek.

    • Post-monsoon season period from September to December and pre-monsoon season from February to May are the best period for trekking in Nepal.

    • You may require Down Jacket, warm fleece jacket, warm thermal underwear, trekking pants and shorts, sleeping bag, trekking boots and backpack, camera and your personal medication.

    • We highly recommend guide for your safety and security during the trek. If suffer from altitude sickness or accident, you will be taken immediately to the lower altitude first and will be provided first aid as the immediate treatment and then if necessary the guide will call the helicopter for your rescue.

Information about Peak Climbing and Expedition

Nepal, being called as the land of Himalayas where 8 out of 14 mountains are considered as the most attractive climbing mountains for most climbers in the world. Mt Everest is the dream destination of every climber in the world. Mountaineering/Expedition refers to 7000m to 8000m peaks climbing. Climbing the peaks which is above 7000m requires multi-day climb with intermediate camps at the end of acclimatization period and it is classified as mountaineering whereas peak climbing refers to sub-7000m peaks which is also under the execution of NMA (Nepal Mountaineering Association). Hence, their categories are classified under peak climbing.
Peak climbing is usually executed in a single day climb after the acclimatization period. The elevation of the peaks which are generally between 5000m to 7000m called as NMA Trekking peaks.

      • You need to obtain travel insurance before you arrive to Kathmandu. Your insurance should cover rescue insurance and it should allow the expense of helicopter supported. We ensure travel safety for all our guests whether a men or women travelling with our company.

      • Both peak climbing and expedition permit can be obtained from Nepal Mountaineering Association (NMA).

      • Anyone climber who is having appropriate fitness and skills can attempt a peak climbing and there is no restriction for them to obtain climbing permit in Nepal.

      • Technical and non-technical peaks both can be climb with a professional, licensed, trained guide for your safety and security.

      • Peak climbing and expedition, in both case needs rescue insurance.

      • Generally, August to November and March to May are the two climbing season in Nepal.

      • Climbing in a group prefer to be safety however, climbing solo is an unsafe practice.

      • Sherpa cook will prepare your high altitude food and all your climbing gear and food will be carried by the porter up to the base camp.

      • Children below 16 years are restricted for peak climbing in Nepal.

      • For the communication, Satellite phone would be perfect for communication because of the lack of mobile coverage in every places of Nepal.

      • You should wear comfortable trekking shoes with the vibrant soles on a rocky path but in the snow routes you should require crampons, climbing harness and ice axe.

      • For the health sickness, you should strictly follow guide instruction for the safety and security.

Best Travel Season of Nepal

According to the land topography and land altitude of Nepal, there are six season in Nepal. Monsoon season and pre-winter seasons are added in Nepal. Duration of seasons is two month long. There are variations in temperature of season on basis of climatic zones. In the Terai (south Nepal), summer temperatures exceed 37° C and higher in some areas whereas winter temperatures range from 7°C to 23°C in the Terai. In mountainous regions, hills and valleys summers are moderate while winter temperatures can fall under subzero on the basis of altitude. The Kathmandu Valley has a pleasant climate with average summer and winter temperatures of 19°C – 35°C and 2°C – 12°C respectively.

1. Spring (Basanta Ritu): March-May
2. Summer (Grishma Ritu): June-August
3. Monsoon (Barsha Ritu): June till mid-September
4. Autumn (Sharad Ritu): September-November
5. Pre-winter (Hemanta Ritu): Novemember till mid-January
6. Winter (Shirshir Ritu): December-February

Note: Spring Season (March, April & May) and Autumn Season (September, October & November) are the high and perfect season for visitors in Nepal.

Health

Kathmandu, capital city has the best health facilities in the country. Standards and services depend on capital. On the mountain region of Nepal, there may no health facilities. Trekkers who become sick and ill seriously are generally placed to Kathmandu. Always take out your travel insurance to cover the costs of hospital treatment and emergency evacuations. While trekking, it is necessary to carry an emergency medical kit so that you can treat any symptoms until you reach medical care. You should carry your travel insurance, medical checklist and vaccinations.

TESTIMONIALS

I have been touring Nepal a few times now. Picturesque Nepal as a travel agency has done a great deal of support from arranging accommodations to providing tour guidance during my tour last May . I am very much gratified with their service and hospitality.

Subas Gautam

IT Enthusiast, Loves Travelling

I always had this plan about visiting Nepal but was worried about how to get started with the tour. After I contacted Picturesque Nepal, all my worries went away. With their thorough guidance and excellent support, I had one of the great times in Nepal.

Bigyan Bhandari

Executive Manager, Yarsha Products and Services Pvt.Ltd , Avid Cook, Loves Travelling

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